Authentic, natural and cultural are the words that best capture the essence of Romania, a dynamic country with a rich history, arts and scenic beauty. Romania provides countless unique travel experiences that are waiting to be discovered. A journey of three or four hours, by car or train, can take you from the Danube River to a beautiful, intact, medieval town. From Bucharest – Romania’s capital city – to the Black Sea. From Southern Transylvania to the historic regions of Bucovina or Maramures. Travel in Romania is as rewarding as it is challenging. The country’s mountain scenery, its great diversity of wildlife and cultures, and a way of life that at times seems little changed since the Middle Ages leave few who visit unaffected.
The Carpathian Mountains draw a wide arc through the centre of the country, leaving a swath of exposed rocky peaks surrounded by groves of pine and deciduous trees, and stretches of a bright green meadow below. The harsh geography has limited human habitation, and the woods are filled with deer, elk and bear. Europe’s second-longest river, the Danube, marks Romania’s southern border with Bulgaria before turning suddenly northward and emptying into the Black Sea. The delta provides sanctuary for 300 species of bird and 160 species of fish. The Danube Delta is a vast and unique protected wetland and makes a perfect backdrop for fishing, boating and, especially, birdwatching in spring. The sprawling marshes account for the largest expanse of reed beds in the world.
The rocky peaks of Transylvania and Moldavia, snow-capped from mid-October in some years, call out for conquering, and well-marked trails lead to summits from all directions. There are less adventurous but no less rewarding walks through woods, meadows and villages in other parts of the country. In summer, from mid-June to early September, the action moves to the Black Sea coast. Beach resorts fill up with swimmers, divers, sunbathers and partiers, who come for the all-night, open-air clubbing marathons.